Safety Symbols and Definitions
READ SYMBOL: Read the Service Manual before opening doors or removing panels. Access panels are for Service only and should be opened only by authorized service personnel or trained maintenance personnel.
UV RADIATION HAZARD: Invisible UV radiation is accessible in the vicinity of this sign or behind the panel. Radiation can cause eye injury or blindness, burn injury and/or fire. Access panels are for service only and should be opened only by authorized service personnel.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD: High voltage electricity is accessible in the vicinity of this sign or behind the access panel. High voltage can cause severe burns or death, as well as fires. Access panels are for service only and should be opened only by authorized service personnel.
HOT SURFACE HAZARD: A hot surface is accessible in the vicinity of this sign or behind the access panel. Avoid contact. Hot surfaces can cause burn injury or fire. Allow surface to cool before touching. Access panels are for service only and should be opened only by authorized service personnel or trained maintenance personnel.
|HARMFUL IRRITANT WARNING: Indicates that skin or eye irritation could result while exposed to a chemical composition.|
|CAUTION: Indicates the possibility of loss of data or damage to equipment.
WARNING: Indicates the possibility of injury or death to personnel.
CRUSH/PINCH HAZARD WARNING: A crush or pinch hazard is in the vicinity of this sign or behind the access panel. Access panels are for service only and should be opened only by authorized service personnel.
Hand Entanglement Warning: Gears or moving parts hazard in the vicinity of this sign or behind the access panel. Access panels are for service only and should be opened only by authorized service personnel.
|WEAR GLOVES: when handling certain materials or touching surfaces that may contain the materials.|
|ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION INSIDE: Exposure may cause eye damage. Do not operate without covers. Wear UV eye protection.|
|SPLASH HAZARD WARNING: Splashing liquid may be present in this area. Wear safety glasses with side shields to provide eye protection.|
Emergency Disconnect Device
The power cord is classified as the emergency disconnect device for this 3D printer system. A 36 inch distance of unobstructed access around the printer is required. In an emergency situation, the user must have unobstructed access to the power cord.
The label below is located on the E-chassis of the 3D printer system.
Before using the 3D printer system, your company should have a safety program in place. The safety program should:
- Label and point out hazardous equipment, materials, and procedures.
- Explain what to do in case of an emergency.
- Provide information about hazards of equipment and materials in the form of Global Health and Safety sheets. The Global Health and Safety sheets are provided with all materials supplied by 3D Systems.
The 3D printer system is designed with built in safety features. Improper use can lead to malfunctions that can cause injury to personnel. To prevent unsafe operation, the 3D printer system will automatically shut down if unsafe conditions are detected.
Follow these safety guidelines when operating the 3D printer system:
- Read and follow all 3D printer system instructions.
- Follow all safety rules and heed all cautions and warnings in this guide.
- Do not attempt to open chamber door while build in progress.
- Do not use any material without reviewing the Global Health and Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
- Dress power and communication cables behind 3D printer system to prevent tripping.
- Do not attempt to access, service, or adjust 3D printer system components. Do not attempt to perform any maintenance procedures unless specifically trained to do so.
- Do not operate the 3D printer system without all safety systems and guards in place and functional.
Operators are trained to operate 3D printer system and perform all necessary tasks to create a part.
Authorized service personnel are those who completed the 3D Systems service training package and were certified to perform service tasks. Certification may occur at different levels, and service providers should only perform tasks they are authorized and certified to complete.
Do not ignore warning signs posted during 3D printer system service operations.
If an error message appears on the touchscreen refer to Troubleshooting section in the User Guide before resuming operation.
To prevent potential skin-irritation and sensitization due to contact with waste material, follow all guidelines in build material Safety in this section.
To prevent pinch injuries to the hand, use caution when replacing platform inside the build chamber.
WARNING: Hazardous voltage exists inside the 3D printer system. Injury or death from electrical shock can result if you remove the 3D printer system’s external panels. Panels should only be removed for service by authorized service personnel. To prevent electrical shock, the 3D printer system will not operate unless external panels are installed. Verify facility’s electrical service rating before connecting power to the 3D printer system.
Ultraviolet (UV) Light
WARNING: Hazardous UV radiation exists inside the 3D printer system’s build chamber during print job. Eye injury or blindness can result if the chamber door is opened while a print job is in progress. If print job is running, abort print job before attempting to open chamber door. To prevent eye injury, ultraviolet (UV) light inside the chamber will not operate when chamber door is open. When closed, the chamber door keeps UV radiation from escaping. The chamber door remains locked if print job is paused.
The UV lamps in the 3D printer system have the following specifications:
- Irradiance at UV Emitting Window: 2W/cm2
- Emitting Window: 75x10mm, 110x10mm
- Total UV Power: Up to 22W
- Pure UV Output: 380-420nm
Build Material Safety
Users of the 3D printer system should be informed of potential hazards of build material prior to working with a 3D printer system, or performing duties which may result in exposure to uncured build material, such as removal and disposal of empty material bottles and waste bag.
- Disposal of fully cured build material produced by the 3D printer system is not subject to regulations of any known agency worldwide.
- Uncured build material waste is classified as regulated, and in some areas hazardous, and may require special packaging, transportation, and disposal. Waste bags filled with VisiJet support and build materials and the material bottles may be disposed of according to your local codes. The disposal of partially cured or uncured build material must comply with all local, state, and federal environmental safety regulations. Applicable build material “waste” includes bottles (empty or full) and waste bags. Any cleaning materials used to clean up spilled uncured build material should be disposed of in compliance with local, state, and federal environmental safety regulations.
- Do not contaminate drains, soil or surface waters with this material or its container. Reduce waste by attempting to utilize product completely. Dispose of this container and its contents in accordance with all local, state, and federal regulations. Do not reuse or refill.
- Support Material, cured or uncured, is not hazardous.
To find out facility disposal requirements, contact an approved waste disposal provider. Your local environmental regulatory agency should have a list of qualified providers. You will need to give disposal service provider a copy of the build material Global Health and Safety sheets, and possibly other forms included in the Appendix of your VisiJet Post Processing Guide, such as Waste Profile Worksheet and SNUR (Significant New Use Regulation - U.S. only). A report will be provided, indicating disposal requirements, as well as a quotation for regularly scheduled pickups. If assistance is needed locating a waste disposal provider, or completing a waste disposal form, contact 3D Systems Technical Support Hot line.
3D Systems assumes no liability or responsibility for proper disposal of uncured build material. Proper disposal of uncured material is the sole responsibility of the user.
Health Hazard / Irritant
|Caution: Uncured VisiJet build material is a sensitizer. Skin or eye irritation could occur when exposed to the chemical composition of the material. Any chemical may exert harmful effects if it contacts or enters the body. VisiJet build material is a sensitizer and irritant.|
Skin Sensitization: Uncured VisiJet build material is a sensitizer. Skin or eye irritation could occur when exposed to the chemical composition of the material
- Uncured material is a sensitizer and can cause allergic reactions if it contacts skin without protective gloves and sleeves. To avoid sensitization, do not allow uncured material to contact skin. Consult the GHS sheets for specific information about the sensitization potential.
- Once sensitized, a severe allergic reaction may occur when subsequently exposed to very low levels.
Ingestion: Uncured VisiJet build material is toxic if ingested.
- Uncured material is toxic if ingested. Uncured material must not be present where food and drink are stored, prepared, or consumed and must not be ingested. After handling materials, wash hands with soap and cold water before consuming or preparing food.
Inhalation: Under normal operation, inhalation is not an expected route of entry.
Contact With Uncured Material: Employees should be alerted to clean and rinse off any contacted surface promptly in order to prevent further contamination. Ensure a convenient washroom location is provided with access to soap, water, and disposable paper towels.
Handling Finished Parts: Finished (cured) parts can be handled or disposed of the same as standard household plastic products. VisiJet parts are not recyclable. VisiJet materials are not intended for, and cannot be used for medical implant or food or drink handling applications.
Exposure Control: The 3D printer system has a variety of built-in engineering controls which are designed to prevent operator exposure. Do not try to change or disable these controls.
Appropriate hygienic practices should be followed, including washing with soap and cold water before meals, breaks, smoking, applying cosmetics, using toilet facilities, and after work.
Chemtrec USA (800) 424-9300; Europe +1-703-527-3887
Packaging Inspection: VisiJet materials are supplied in bottles. These bottles are packaged with cardboard packing material inside the shipping carton. Upon receipt of material shipments, inspect cardboard carton exterior for signs of damage and leakage. If leakage is observed, DO NOT open carton, contact 3D Systems Field Service Engineer or 3D Systems authorized service personnel. If no leakage is observed, store shipping carton until material is used.
Building: If uncured material is observed on the part or platform after build, this is an abnormal condition, and is an indication the 3D printer system requires servicing by 3D Systems or an authorized servicing reseller. Assume any liquid or paste-like material is build material. Do not directly touch uncured build material without protective gloves and protective sleeves. Discontinue use of the 3D printer system, pending service by a 3D Systems Technical Support Representative or your servicing reseller.
Flammability and Combustibility: Do not expose materials to heat at or above 230°F (110°C), flames, sparks, or any source of ignition. (Though the U.S. Department of Transportation does not consider VisiJet materials a “flammability hazard,” they do classify them “combustible” based on flash points.) For more information on VisiJet material flash points and combustibility, see the VisiJet Post Processing Guide.
Personal Protective Equipment
Skin Protection: Performing some procedures in this manual will expose the user to uncured build material. To prevent contact, wear a chemically resistant apron or lab coat, protective sleeves (Tyvex) and chemically resistant protective gloves. Nitrile gloves are recommended. Do not use Latex gloves.
For some procedures, heat resistant gloves are required. Where a “heat resistant glove” is referenced, 3D Systems recommends wearing a thermal liner with a nitrile glove worn over the liner. The thermal liner must be capable of withstanding temperatures up to 90 degrees C.
Eye protection: In the event of a leak or spill of uncured build material, wear safety glasses with side shields to provide eye protection.
Respiratory protection: Because of the 3D printer system’s built in engineering controls, respiratory protection is not necessary during normal operation. A NIOSH-approved (or equivalent) dust mask is recommended when dry sanding cured material parts.
First Aid Measures
General Information: Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location.
In case of inhalation: May cause respiratory irritation. Move affected person to fresh air. If respiratory irritation occurs or if breathing becomes difficult, seek medical attention immediately.
In case of skin contact: May cause irritation or sensitization by skin contact , including redness and/or swelling. Immediately flush skin with plenty of cold water. After the area has been thoroughly rinsed, use soap and cold water to cleanse the area. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention if symptoms occur. Wash clothing before reuse.
In case of eye contact: Irritating to eyes. Causes redness, swelling and pain. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contact lenses immediately. Get medical attention if symptoms persist.
In case of ingestion: Irritating to mouth, throat and stomach. If ingested, drink plenty of water and seek immediate medical attention. Do not induce vomiting.
Self-protection of the first aider: Put on appropriate protective equipment (see section 7). Move exposed person to fresh air. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ecotoxicity: The aquatic toxicity of the product is unknown; however based on components, it is predicted that uncured build material may be harmful to aquatic organisms or cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. Prevent contamination of soil, drains and surface waters.
VisiJet support material has no known regulatory requirements.
In the U.S., uncured material is subject to special EPA disposal regulations and record-keeping requirements. “Uncured VisiJet material” includes any build material bottles (empty or full) and waste bag, and about half of the material in a waste bag is uncured build material. For complete disposal regulation details, see the Post Processing Guide.
In the U.S., the following disposal records must be kept for five years after the date of disposal:
- The quantity of build material received (new or “virgin”).
- The name and address of the shipping location (the “responsible party” - generally your waste disposal service provider).
- The quantity of build material shipped (disposed). For further information, see the Post Processing Guide.
For assistance, contact 3D Systems Technical Support.
Spilled VisiJet Material
Spills of material are highly unlikely and should NOT occur in normal operation of the 3D printer system.
The first priority is to protect users from inadvertently touching material. Spills of support material can be cleaned without use of protective gear, and disposed of as office trash. Handling uncured build material requires use of gloves, protective sleeves and other personal protective equipment to ensure no direct contact with uncured build material. If you don’t know which material it is, assume it to be uncured build material, and handle accordingly with the recommended personal protective equipment.
Promptly clean up spilled material, dispose of clean up materials and waste material per local regulatory requirements. Discontinue use of the 3D printer system, and contact 3D Systems Technical Support for a service visit to determine and repair the source of leakage.
Small spills of uncured liquid build material can be cleaned up using disposable towels, non-reusable rags, or absorbing materials such as sawdust, clay, diatomaceous earth, or activated charcoal. If spilled material is hot (liquid), wait until cools and gels before wiping up. After wiping up the spill, wipe surface with denatured or isopropyl alcohol and clean thoroughly with soap and water.
Advise the service provider involved of the spilled material, and provide other material information prior to contact with the material. Advise them of disposal requirements for build material and clean-up products if build material (uncured) is the spilled material.
Tools contaminated with build material should be cleaned prior to reuse. Solvents such as denatured alcohol or Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA), are normally required to clean equipment and tools. Wash with soap and water to remove any traces of excess build material or solvent. Contact solvent suppliers for information on proper handling of solvents if used for clean-up.
WARNING: Uncured build material is a sensitizer. Skin or eye irritation could occur when exposed to the chemical composition of the material.
Wear protective gloves and protective sleeves before removing any waste product from the 3D printer system. Be careful not to spill, drop, or expose others to these materials - particularly build material bottles or waste bag. Dispose of all waste material appropriately per local regulatory requirements. Please refer to the Safety Data Sheets for information regarding material safety and handling.
- Open waste drawer.
- Remove the waste bag from the waste bag holder by lifting the waste bag straight up and out of the waste drawer.
- Seal bag and dispose according to your local regulatory guidelines.
- Replace new waste bag by reversing the previous process. Close waste drawer after waste bag is installed.
Material handling and Storage
|VisiJet® S500 - Support Material||VisiJet® CR-CL, CE-NT, CR-WT, CE-BK, CR-BK - Build Material|
|Shelf life||5 yr.||Shelf life||2 yr.|
|Climate||Cool, dry area with adequate ventilation||Climate||Cool, dry area with adequate ventilation|
|Storage Class||N/A||Storage Class 10||Environmentally hazardous liquids|
|Storage Temperature||Below 95°F (35°C)||Storage Temperature||Below 95°F (35°C)|
|Environmental Conditions||No direct sunlight, heat, flames, or UV energy.||Environmental Conditions||No direct sunlight, heat, flames, or UV energy.|
NOTE: For optimal results, keep stored cartons closed, and do not open until bottle is ready for use.
Always check bottle’s expiration date before loading. Do not load bottles into 3D printer system if they are about to expire. When 3D printer system detects an expired bottle, it aborts the build and rejects the bottle if the expiration date has expired for support material or more than one year past the expiration date for build material.
NOTE: When storing material bottles that have been used but still have materials in them, do not place the bottles on their side; stand bottles in the upright position. Also, in the case where used bottles with materials are removed from the MDM and are still warm, it must be stored with the cap vented. If the warm bottle is not vented, the wax will contract during cooling and the bottle’s bottom may become flat which will prevent re-engagement in the MDM. See “Material Delivery Modules (MDM) and Material Bottles” on page 25 for a description of the MDM.
Support material bottles must be loaded in the left side material delivery module. The build material bottles must be loaded in the right material delivery module. Before loading material bottles into the 3D printer system, inspect bottles for signs of damage or leakage. Do not load a damaged or leaking bottle. Dispose of them according to local regulations.