Ingredient Handling and Safety

WARNING: only use brill 3d culinary powders and binders in the printer. If other ingredients are used in the printer, any machine repairs made due to these improper ingredients are excluded from warranty and maintenance coverage. customers will pay for such repairs on a time-and-material basis.

   NOTE: For complete safety information and instructions for use, please refer to the SDS and User Guide for the powder or binder you are using. These documents are packaged with each powder pail and binder bottle.

   TIP: You may wish to wear food-safe gloves when handling binder to avoid sticky and/or stained hands.


Both powder and binder for the Brill 3D Culinary Printer are considered safe for human interaction. However, please use the following guidelines when handling these ingredients:

  • Always practice standard kitchen hygiene.

  • Build powder and binder are meant to be combined in order to produce 3D-printed objects with the printer; however, each is safe for human consumption on its own.


  • Build powder will tend to become sticky when exposed to the moisture of bare hands.

  • Use care when loading powder in the printer to avoid clouding or saturation in the air. Avoid pouring the powder into machine areas other than the Feed and Build Bins. If powder clouding occurs, let all powder settle before using the printer or submitting a print job.

  • Binder contains food dyes and will stain clothing/skin; it may also cause eye irritation.

  • Binder is flammable, as is the waste binder that collects in the Waste Bottle. Please see the individual binder's SDS for its flash point, as they are all different. Binder cannot be disposed of in regular trash or into sinks or drains. Consult your local waste-management company for all government regulations regarding binder disposal in your area.

  • Keep all binders and powders away from heat, sparks, static discharge, and flame.

Ingredient Characteristics


The dust generated by the transportation and handling of build powder is an explosion hazard; measures must be taken to avoid the creation of fugitive dust and to abate any dust created. Powder can also be slippery when spilled onto floors, particularly floors that are smooth. Care should be taken when handling build powder to minimize dust generation, as dust clouds will settle and form a slick film on floors. Consult the manufacturer’s Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for full information. For further information on this and related topics, consult the Manufacturer's Ingredients website.

CAUTION: Do not mix different powder types together. Do not mix new powder with reclaimed powder until you have sifted the reclaimed powder. Doing either of these may lead to print-quality problems. It is recommended to discard reclaimed powder that has been used three times or more in the printer, unless it is mixed with new powder for each build.


WARNING: EXPLOSIVE material when in the form of dust clouds. Take care when in the vicinity of or handling explosive materials. REFERENCE NFPA 61 STANDARD FOR THE PREVENTION OF FIRES AND DUST EXPLOSIONS IN AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD PROCESSING FACILITIES, 2017 EDITION.



Binder may be hazardous if it makes contact with the eyes. For full information on this, consult the manufacturer’s Safety Data Sheet (SDS), which can be found on the Manufacturer's Ingredients website.

CAUTION: Do not mix different binders together. Doing so will render both binders ineffective, will blend colors, and may damage the fluid path. Always ensure that you pour the correct binder color in the appropriate tank.

Ingredient Storage


Powder should be stored in the opaque, non-reactive container in which it was provided, according to the guidelines provided in the SDS, and according to all applicable government regulations. Protect powder from sunlight, ambient light, and moisture. Be sure your powder-storage area is dry, dark, and between 64.4°F - 78.8°F (18°C - 26°C). Powder may not be exposed to conditions exceeding 40% RH (Relative Humidity). Exposure of the powder to extreme temperatures may cause ignition. When powder is not being actively used, its container should be sealed. Do not mix different powder types together in your storage containers.


Binder should be stored in the non-reactive container in which it was provided, according to the guidelines provided in the SDS, and according to all applicable government regulations. Protect binder from sunlight, ambient light, and moisture. Be sure your binder-storage area is dry, dark, and between 64.4°F - 78.8°F (18°C - 26°C). Binder may not be exposed to conditions exceeding 70% RH (Relative Humidity). Exposure of a binder to extreme temperatures may cause ignition. When binder is not being actively used, its container should be sealed, or poured into a printer. Do not mix different binder types together in your storage containers. Do not dilute binder with any additional fluid, as this will affect the print output.

Ingredient Disposal

You must discard expired ingredients, as well as any waste binder fluid from the waste bottle. Dispose of ingredients according to the guidelines given in the SDS, and according to all government regulations. For more information on ingredient disposal, please see the section Ingredient Storage and Safety in the Facility Requirements Guide.

CAUTION: Ingredients should not be stored long-term in the printer, as doing so may result in damage to the fluid path.

Ingredient Spill

Improper operation of the machine, or extreme ingredient-storage conditions, may result in a major ingredient spill. Your company has the responsibility to define what constitutes a major spill. Clean up spilled ingredients as quickly as possible. Wear food-safe gloves while cleaning ingredient spills to avoid staining of skin.

Cleaning Binder Spills

Binder and binder waste products are water-soluble and are easily cleaned up using warm tap water and light scrubbing. Wear food-safe gloves during cleaning; keep unprotected people away. Binder will tend to become hard and sticky when allowed to dry on a hard surface. Water can be used to greater effect if binder has not been allowed to dry. Cleaning chemicals should never be used for cleanup of binder, as some chemicals may cause it to harden even more. For larger spills, absorb with liquid-binding material (sand, diatomite, acid binders, universal binders, sawdust). Ensure adequate ventilation of the spill area. Discard all spill waste and cleaning materials according to all government regulations.

Cleaning Powder Spills

Build powder can easily be wiped away. A damp cloth can be used to collect small amounts from hard surfaces; but take care not to allow dampened powder to sit and harden. Hardened powder can be washed away with water, but most-often requires tools for removal. Use a plastic scraper or putty knife, along with warm water, to remove hardened powder from surfaces. For larger spills, clean with your preferred method of cleaning food-waste spills. Discard all spill waste and cleaning materials according to all government regulations.

Shelf Life


Powder is certified for use for 12 months from its date of manufacture. The expiration date is marked on the powder pail's label. Use of expired powder will render your printed parts inedible.


Binder is certified for use for six months from its date of manufacture. The expiration date is marked on the binder bottle's label. Use of expired binder will render your printed parts inedible and could affect color and binding effectiveness.

In-Service Life

In-service life of the build ingredients is defined as the useful life of the ingredient after its container has been opened. The in-service life of powder and binder greatly varies depending on usage and environmental conditions. If the ingredient is exposed to temperatures outside of the normal operating limits, or is exposed to particulates or vapors in the air such as dust or fumes, this will shorten the ingredient's in-service life. With all this taken into consideration, we would expect the in-service life of binder to be three months, and the in-service life of powder to be six months. Powder retains its usefulness until the published expiration date is reached or excessive moisture exposure alters the powder material properties. Binder retains its usefulness until the published expiration date is reached, assuming proper storage is maintained. Follow the User Guide of the specific ingredient for complete instructions on getting the most use out of it. If the printer has been idle or out-of-service for more than three weeks, remove all binder according to the procedure System Maintenance and Storing the Printer. Ensure all binder tanks in the printer are sealed properly, as open containers will allow for evaporation of binder components, which can adversely affect print performance.


Care should be taken when cleaning windows, panels, and other parts of the printer. Follow all cleaning procedures in this guide. Do not use any cleaning agents that are not recommended herein. Accidental contamination of build ingredients may change the performance characteristics of parts to such an extent that acceptable parts can no longer be reliably created or consumed.