Safety Symbols and Definitions
UV RADIATION HAZARD: Invisible UV radiation is accessible in the vicinity of this sign or behind the panel. Radiation can cause eye injury or blindness, burn injury and/or fire. Access panels are for service only and should be opened only by certified service personnel.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD: High voltage electricity is accessible in the vicinity of this sign or behind the access panel. High voltage can cause severe burns or death, as well as fires. Access panels are for service only and should be opened only by certified service personnel or trained maintenance personnel.
HOT SURFACE HAZARD: A hot surface is accessible in the vicinity of this sign or behind the access panel. Avoid contact. Hot surfaces can cause burn injury or fire. Allow surface to cool before touching. Access panels are for service only and should be opened only by certified service personnel or trained maintenance personnel.
HARMFUL IRRITANT WARNING: Indicates that skin or eye irritation could result while exposed to a chemical composition.
CAUTION: Indicates the possibility of loss of data or damage to equipment.
WARNING: Indicates the possibility of injury or death to personnel
ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION INSIDE: Exposure may cause eye damage. Do not operate without covers. Wear UV eye protection.
WEAR GLOVES: Wear the appropriate gloves when required. For example, when touching surfaces that may contain or have been exposed to materials, wear nitrile gloves. Heat gloves are necessary when touching surfaces that may be hot to ensure burns don’t occur.
NOTE: A note signifies important information but not information of a critical content.
First Aid and Protective Equipment
The following paragraphs provide general first aid procedures and recommendations for protective equipment to minimize the risks from material exposure. If professional medical attention is necessary, take the Global Harmonized Standards/Safety Data Sheet (GHS/SDS) for the exact material involved to the attending physician.
Wear 100% nitrile gloves and lab coats to avoid skin contact. Should material come in contact with skin, wash thoroughly with soap and cold water and immediately remove contaminated clothing and shoes. If skin is irritated, seek medical attention. Dry-clean contaminated clothing. Discard contaminated shoes and leather products.
Safety goggles should be worn to prevent accidental splashes into the eyes. If material comes in contact with the eye, flush immediately with large amounts of water for 15 minutes, avoid sunlight, fluorescent light, and other ultraviolet light, and obtain immediate medical attention. Eye wash facilities and a first aid kit should be readily available and close to the 3D printer system.
If material splashes into the eye when contact lenses are worn, flush the eye with water immediately. Verify that flushing has removed the contact lens from the eye. Protect eyes from light and obtain immediate medical attention. Discard contact lenses that come into contact with liquid material.
Remove the person to fresh air. Give artificial respiration or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if required. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Obtain immediate medical attention.
Part Material Safety
When using the 3D printer system, you should be informed of potential hazards of part material prior to using the printer systems, or performing duties which may result in exposure to uncured part material, such as, removal of material waste bag and handling empty material cartridges.
Always wear nitrile gloves when handling part material that is uncured and not totally solidified.
- Disposal of fully cured parts are not subject to regulations of any known agency worldwide. VisiJet® support material cartridges may be disposed of in ordinary office trash.
- Uncured part material is classified as regulated, and in some areas hazardous; requiring special packaging, transportation, and disposal. The disposal of partially cured or uncured part material must comply with all local, state, and federal environmental safety regulations. Applicable part “waste” includes cartridges (empty or full) and waste pans. Any materials used to clean up uncured part material should be disposed of in the same manner as uncured part material.
- To find out facility disposal requirements, contact a local waste disposal provider. (Local environmental regulatory agency should have a list of qualified providers.) You will need to give disposal service provider a copy of the part material GHS/SDS (Global Harmonized Standards / Safety Data Sheets), and possibly other forms included in the Appendix of your VisiJet® Material Handling Guide, such as Waste Profile Worksheet and SNUR (Significant New Use Regulation - U.S. only). A report will be provided, indicating disposal requirements, as well as a quotation for regularly scheduled pickups. If assistance is needed locating a waste disposal provider, or completing a waste disposal form, contact your local 3D Systems certified reseller or 3D Systems Technical Support.
- 3D Systems assumes no liability or responsibility for proper disposal of uncured part material. Proper disposal of uncured part material is the sole responsibility of the user.
Health Hazards / Irritant
- Any chemical may exert harmful effects if it contacts or enters the body. Uncured material is a sensitizer, and can cause allergic reactions if it comes in contact with skin. Always wear nitrile gloves when handling material. Refer to personal protection equipment for more information. To avoid sensitization, do not allow uncured material to contact skin. Consult the GHS/SDS for specific information about the sensitization potential.
- If skin comes in contact with uncured material immediately wash with cold water and soap.
- Under normal operation, inhalation is not an expected route of entry.
- Ingestion - Uncured part material is toxic if ingested.
- Because uncured material is toxic if ingested, it must not be present where food and drink are stored, prepared, or consumed. After handling materials, wash hands with soap and cold water before consuming or preparing food.
Handling Finished Parts
- Finished (cured) parts can be handled or disposed of the same as standard household plastic products. VisiJet® parts are not recyclable. VisiJet® materials are not intended for and cannot be used for medical implant, food or drink handling applications.
- Exposure control - The 3D printer system has a variety of built-in engineering controls which are designed to prevent operator exposure. Do not try to change or disable these controls.
- Appropriate hygienic practices should be followed, including washing with soap and water before meals, breaks, smoking, applying cosmetics, using toilet facilities, and after work.
- Employees should be alerted of the need to clean and rinse off any contacted surface promptly in order to prevent further contamination. Ensure a convenient washroom location is provided with access to soap, water, and disposable paper towels.
Chemtrec USA (800) 424-9300; Europe +1-703-527-3887
Irritant! Always wear chemical-resistant gloves, SAFETY GLASSES, and protective clothing when handling material. Avoid skin contact. Avoid breathing material fumes.
- Always wear approved safety glasses, nitrile gloves and protective clothing when working near materials or with partially cured parts.
- Wearing contact lenses when working with materials is not recommended.
- Always wear chemical-resistant nitrile gloves whenever handling materials or partially cured parts. Recommended gloves are 100% Nitrile. Latex gloves are not chemical-resistant and are not recommended.
- Always work in a well ventilated area when using materials. Avoid breathing vapors.
- Always wash skin thoroughly with abrasive soap and COLD water after working with materials. DO NOT USE HOT WATER OR SOLVENTS to wash hands, as it will result in absorption through the skin.
- Use extreme care when handling solvents used to remove excess material from uncured parts. These solvents (e.g., denatured alcohol, isopropyl alcohol) are very flammable.
- Keep all materials away from heat, sparks and flame. Material containers may rupture when exposed to extreme heat.
Use National Fire Protection Association Class B extinguishers such as carbon dioxide, dry chemical, or foam.
The material cartridges are packaged in shipping cartons. Upon receipt of material shipments, inspect cardboard carton exterior for signs of damage and leakage. If leakage is observed, DO NOT open carton, and contact 3D Systems’s Technical Support Hotline. If no leakage is observed, keep the material cartridges in their cartons and store until material is needed.
If uncured material is observed on the part or platform after build, this is an abnormal condition, and is an indication the 3D printer system requires servicing by 3D Systems or a certified servicing reseller. Assume any liquid or paste-like material is part material. Do not directly touch uncured part material without protective nitrile gloves. Discontinue use of the printer pending service by a 3D Systems Technical Support Representative.
Flammability and Combustibility
Do not expose materials to heat at or above 230°F (110°C), flames, sparks, or any source of ignition. (Though the U.S. Department of Transportation does not consider VisiJet materials a “flammability hazard,” they do classify them “combustible” based on flash points.) For more information on VisiJet material flash points and combustibility, see the GHS/SDS for that particular material.
Personal Protection Equipment
Exposure to uncured part material may occur when removing and disposing of the waste bag or pan. To prevent contact, wear chemically resistant protective nitrile gloves - Do not use Latex gloves.
In the event of a leak or spill of uncured part material, wear safety glasses with side shields to provide eye protection.
- Support material has no known regulatory requirements.
- In the U.S., uncured part material is subject to special EPA disposal regulations and record-keeping requirements. “Uncured VisiJet® material” includes any part material cartridge (empty or full), and waste bag which is partly uncured part material. For complete disposal regulation details consult the local guidelines of your area.
- In the U.S., you must keep the following disposal records for five years after the date of disposal:
- The quantity of part material received (new or “virgin”).
- The name and address of the shipping location (the “responsible party” - generally your waste disposal service provider).
- The quantity of part material shipped (disposed).
- For assistance, contact 3D Systems Technical Support.
- Spills of material are HIGHLY UNLIKELY, and should NOT occur in normal operation of the 3D printer system. If a leak occurs, it is an indication of a serious 3D printer system malfunction.
- The first priority is to protect users from inadvertently touching material. Spills of support material can be cleaned without use of protective gear, and disposed of as office trash. Handling uncured part material requires use of nitrile gloves and other personal protective equipment to ensure no direct contact with uncured part material. If you don’t know which material it is, assume it to be uncured part material, and handle accordingly - with the recommended personal protective equipment.
- Promptly remove spilled material, dispose of waste material, and clean up materials per local regulatory requirements. Suspend use of the 3D printer system until you contact 3D Systems Technical Support for a service visit to determine and repair the source of the leak.
- Small spills of uncured liquid part material can be cleaned up using disposable towels, non-reusable rags, or absorbent materials such as sawdust, clay, diatomaceous earth, or activated charcoal. If spilled material is hot (liquid), wait until it cools before wiping up. After wiping up the spill, wipe surface with denatured or isopropyl alcohol and clean thoroughly with soap and water.
- Consider avoiding placement of the 3D printer system over carpeting, or consider use of barriers to avoid the possibility of carpet damage if spills were to occur.
- Advise service provider involved of the spilled material, and provide GHS/SDS and other material information prior to contact with the material. Advise them of disposal requirements for part material and clean-up products if part material (uncured) is the spilled material. Use of heat above 65°C (149°F) may prove helpful in removing spilled part material from carpet.
- Tools contaminated with part material should be cleaned prior to reuse. Solvents such as denatured alcohol or Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA), are normally required to clean equipment and tools. Wash with soap and water to remove any traces of excess part material or solvent. Contact solvent suppliers for information on proper handling of solvents if used for clean-up.
CAUTION: Uncured part material is a sensitizer. Skin or eye irritation could occur when exposed to the chemical composition of the material.
- Wear protective gloves before removing any waste product from the 3D printer system. Be careful not to spill, drop, or expose others to these materials - particularly part material. Dispose of all waste material appropriately according to local regulatory requirements.
Dispose of waste bag containing both support and uncured part material.
Shelf Life - VisiJet® Part Material - 1 yr.
VisiJet® M2 SUP (Wax support material) - 5 yr.
NOTE: For optimal results, keep stored cartons closed and sealed until material cartridges are ready for use.
Always check material “Recertification Date” before use. Do not load material cartridges into 3D printer system if cartridge date has expired. When printer detects an expired cartridge, it aborts the build and rejects the cartridge. If a job is printing when the cartridge expires, it will try to continue to complete the job. If the next cartridge is expired, it won’t use it.
Support (white) material must be loaded in the left side of material drawer. Part (black) material cartridges must be loaded in the right side of material drawer. Before loading cartridges into 3D printer system, inspect the cartridges for signs of damage or leakage. Do not load a damaged or leaking cartridge. Dispose of material cartridge according to local regulations.
Storing a Partially Used Material Cartridge
To store a partially used Material Cartridge, tighten vent cap and store it upright and not on it's side to keep vent cap from clogging.
Material should be stored in their original containers, according to the guidelines given in the GHS/SDS included with the material. Protect material from sunlight and ambient room light.
Never mix different materials.
Do not dump used material down any drains. Follow disposal rules established by company, local, state, and federal authorities.
Material Spill Containment
Your company has the responsibility to define what constitutes a major spill. Personnel who are involved in cleaning up major spills of material should wear NIOSH/MSHA approved respirators designed for use with organic chemical vapors. In addition, each person should wear protective safety glasses, rubber boots, and 100% nitrile gloves to minimize exposure to material, which can cause eye, skin, and respiratory irritation, as well as possible skin allergies and respiratory reactions.
Any spilled material should be absorbed on inert absorbent material and placed into containers for transfer to an approved waste disposal site. After cleaning up the spill, individuals should wash thoroughly with soap and COLD water. Dry-clean contaminated clothing. Discard contaminated shoes and leather products. Avoid exposure to sunlight until skin and clothing have been cleaned of material. Refer to the GHS/SDS before using any chemicals. Repeated or prolonged skin contact may cause sensitization. Vapor may be harmful.