EasyClean Post Processing Guide for All MJP Materials

EasyClean Post Processing Guide for All MJP Materials

p/n 33-D244 Rev B 

About this Manual

The purpose of this document is to discuss the types of materials that will be available for use in the ProJet® MJP 2500 and ProJet® MJP 2500 Plus to help you determine which material works best for your application. Also included in this manual is safety information, material handling, and post processing instructions.

The materials currently available for use in the ProJet® MJP 2500 and ProJet® MJP 2500 Plus are:

VisiJet® Materials for ProJet® MJP 2500/2500 Plus

ProJet® MJP 2500 ProJet® MJP 2500 Plus

VisiJet® M2R-WT (Rigid White, General Purpose)

VisiJet® M2R-WT (Rigid White, General Purpose)

VisiJet® M2R-BK (Rigid Black, General Purpose)

VisiJet® M2R-BK  (Rigid Black, General Purpose)

VisiJet® M2G-DUR (VisiJet ProFlex, Engineering Clear, PP-like)

VisiJet® M2G-DUR (VisiJet ProFlex, Engineering Clear, PP-like)

N/A

VisiJet® M2R-CL (Rigid Clear, General Purpose)

N/A

VisiJet® M2R-GRY (Rigid Gray, High Contrast)

N/A

VisiJet® M2G-CL (VisiJet Armor, Engineering Clear, ABS-like)

N/A

VisiJet® M2S-HT90 (Specialty Rigid High Temperature, High Stiffness) 

N/A

VisiJet® M2-EBK (Elastomeric Black, High Flex)

N/A

VisiJet® M2-ENT (Elastomeric Natural, High Flex)

VisiJet® M2 SUP (Wax support material)

VisiJet® M2 SUP (Wax support material)

  VisiJet® M2E-BK70 (Elastomeric Black,Shore 70A Hardness)
  VisiJet® M2S-HT250 (Semi-Clear Light Amber, Rigid High Heat Deflection)
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NOTE: VisiJet® M2G-CL, VisiJet® M2G-DUR and VisiJet® M2S-HT90 materials use advanced chemistry that produces a stronger odor that may not be suitable for all office environments.

See the Facility Requirements Guide for further details.

 

Important Safety Information

Safety Symbols and Definitions

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HOT SURFACE HAZARD: Parts may be hot when handling. Avoid contact. Allow surface to cool before touching.

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HARMFUL IRRITANT WARNING: Indicates that skin or eye irritation could result while exposed to a chemical composition.

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WARNINGS: Indicates the possibility of injury.

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WEAR GLOVES: Wear the appropriate gloves when required. For example, when touching surfaces that may contain or have been exposed to materials, wear nitrile gloves. Heat gloves are necessary when touching surfaces that may be hot to ensure burns don't occur.

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NOTE: A note signifies important information but not information of a critical content.

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EYE PROTECTION: Indicates the need for eye protection.

 

First Aid and Personal Protective Equipment

The following paragraphs provide general first aid procedures and recommendations for protective equipment to minimize the risks from material exposure. If professional medical attention is necessary, take the Global Harmonized Standards/Safety Data Sheet (GHS/SDS) for the exact material involved to the attending physician.  SDS sheets can be found here http://dddtechpubs-staging.3dsystems.com/materials/mjp/visijet-m2/visije...

Skin Contact

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Wear 100% nitrile gloves and lab coats to avoid skin contact. Should material come in contact with skin, wash thoroughly with soap and cold water and immediately remove contaminated clothing and shoes. If skin is irritated, seek medical attention. Dry-clean contaminated clothing. Discard contaminated shoes and leather products.

Eye Contact

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Safety goggles should be worn to prevent accidental splashes into the eyes. If material comes in contact with the eye, flush immediately with large amounts of water for 15 minutes, avoid sunlight, fluorescent light, and other ultraviolet light, and obtain immediate medical. Eye wash facilities and a first aid kit should be readily available and close to the 3D printer system.

Contact Lenses

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If material splashes into the eye when contact lenses are worn, flush the eye with water immediately. Verify that flushing has removed the contact lens from the eye. Protect eyes from light and obtain immediate attention. Discard contact lenses that come into contact with liquid material.

Fume Inhalation

Remove the person to fresh air. Give artificial respiration or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if required. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Obtain immediate medical attention.

Material Handling and Safety

For material handling and safety, please refer to the SDS sheets and User Guide for further details.

General Printer Equipment Recommendations and Post Processing Best Practices

Printer Materials Removal From Plate Bulk Wax Removal Fine Wax Removal Optimal Solvent

ProJet MJP 2500 Series

img_ProJetMJP2500.jpg

Rigid Family & Specialty Family

Freezer (1)

EasyClean System

(Steam or Oven Mode)

- or -

Convection Oven (2)

EasyClean System

- or -

Ultrasonic Bath (1,3,4)

Mineral Oil

- or -

EZ Rinse - C

Engineering Family

Elastomeric Family

EasyClean System

(Oven Mode or Convection Oven (4)

Mineral Oil

Mineral Oil

ProJet MJP 3600

bt_img_ProJetmjp3600.jpg

All

Freezer (1)

Convection Oven (1,2)

Ultrasonic Bath (1,3,4)

EZ Rinse - C

ProJet MJP 5500X/5600

bt_img_ProJetmjp5500X.jpg

Rigid Family

Freezer (1)

Convection Oven (1,2)

Ultrasonic Bath (1,3,4)

Mineral Oil

- or -

EZ Rinse - C

Elastomeric Family and Composite Mixtures

Mineral Oil

(1)

Size equipment based on largest expected part size and volume of parts generated per day.

(2)

Select an oven if you plan to batch high volume of parts.

(3)

Use mineral oil and an ultrasonic bath for complex entrapped cavities.

(4)

Process times should be held to a minimum necessary for wax removal. This is especially true when using the EasyClean system in Steam Mode.

 

Post Processing a Part

After a part is printed, there are steps that must be followed before it can be considered ready for use or ready for other advanced processes like painting or dyeing. Following these steps will ensure a successful and usable part. This document is intended to provide general guidelines for post processing of UV curable acrylate parts for all 3D Systems MultiJet products including the ProJet® MJP 2500, ProJet® MJP 3600 and ProJet® MJP 5600 lines of printers. Additional documentation is available in the Best Practices MJP area related to advanced post processing needs for specific materials and needs.

Supplies Needed

  • Protective Clothing (lab coat, protective sleeves)
  • Nitrile Gloves
  • Insulating Gloves
  • Safety Glasses
  • Putty Knife
  • Paper Towels / Absorbent Pads
  • Mineral Oil or EZ Rinse-C
  • Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA)
  • Source for Warm Water (container or running water)
  • Metal Basket(s) (optional)
  • Plastic Bristle Brush - like a toothbrush (optional)

Equipment and Tools Needed

  • Freezer
  • Melting oven capable of heating to 65°C (149°F) such as ProJet® Finisher or ProJet® XL Finisher
  • MJP EasyClean System
  • Ultrasonic Cleaner (optional)

Steps for Post Processing a Part

Remove Parts from the Build Plate

  1. After your job is finished printing, remove the build plate from the printer with the parts attached.  Lift the entire platform out the printer.

Remove_parts_from_Build Plate_img1.pngBuild plate with completed parts ready for post processing

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NOTE: Wear proper protective lab clothing.

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NOTE: Nitrile gloves are recommended when handling parts and/or when working with fluids.

  1. Place the build plate with parts attached in a freezer. This will cool the parts and will enable the parts to separate easily from the build plate.  This can take as little as a few minutes, but may take longer for some geometries.

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NOTE: Placing the print platform on a metal surface or sheet pan as shown here speeds up the cooling time

Build_plate_in freezer_img2.pngBuild plate with parts attached placed on a metal sheet pan in a freezer

  1. Once the build plate is cooled sufficiently, the parts can be removed. Most parts should separate freely from the build plate with little to no force needed, leaving behind very little support residue.

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Parts typically fall free from the build plate after freezing

  1. For some geometries, it may be necessary to use a putty knife to loosen the parts. Place the base of the putty knife at the base of each part. Use a plastic mallet, wood block, or small hammer to gently tap the  handle on the putty knife. Angle the putty knife to about 30 degrees to avoid gouging or scraping the build plate.

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Eye protection is required when performing this step.

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If needed, lightly tap the base of the part with a putty knife

  1. Allow parts to come to room temperature before placing into the Bulk Wax Removal heat source.

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NOTE: The putty knife can also be used to remove some parts quickly even without using the freezer.

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NOTE: Take extra care when removing very small parts or parts with fine features.

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NOTE: Be extra careful not to scratch, groove, dent, or damage the parts or the build plate in the removal process.

 

Bulk Support Removal from Part

  1. Once parts have been removed from the build plate, the support material needs to be removed from the parts. This can be done in a convection oven (like the ProJet Finisher) or using the MJP EasyClean System in either Steam Mode or Oven Mode. These two heating systems serve similar purposes, but each has unique capabilities depending on customers need. For procedures on how to setup the EasyClean System please visit : http://dddtechpubs-staging.3dsystems.com/mjplibrary/mjp-easyclean-hardwa...
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ProJet® EasyClean System In Steam Mode

ProJet® EasyClean System In Oven Mode

ProJet® Finisher Oven

  • Fast

  • Optimized for ProJet® MJP 2500 part sizes Compact and Economical, general-purpose solution

  • Combined bulk and fine support removal

  • Best for processing Elastomeric and Engineering Family Materials.

  • Optimized for ProJet® MJP 2500 part sizes Compact and Economical, general-purpose solution

  • Combined bulk and fine support removal

  • Refer to Post Processing Best Practices Table

  • Applicable for all UV Curable Plastics Independent of Printer

  • Large physical volume available

  • High part volume "batch processing" capability

  • Refer to Post Processing Best Practices Table

  1. The bulk wax is easily removed with a hands-free process. Place the parts in the Finisher Oven or EasyClean Bulk Wax Chamber. It is often advantageous to use a metal basket (accompanies EasyClean System) when processing the parts.

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Metal baskets used to carry multiple MJP parts during post processing

 

  1. The parts must be placed over a drip tray that will collect the melted support as it comes off the parts. This setup is included as part of the ProJet® EasyClean System. Support collection trays must also be used with an oven setup. The actual melt time will depend on the size of the part and how much support wax is present.

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NOTE: Do not let the parts soak in the molten support wax in the oven.

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NOTE: For best quality, avoid stacking parts on top of one another.

 

 

The ProJet EasyClean System can operate in one of two modes, either in a Steam Mode at 100°C or in an Oven Mode where device setting of 7 corresponds to about 70°C. 

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ProJet EasyClean System with Steam Mode Lid (left) and Oven Mode Lids (right)

 

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ProJet® Finisher oven or larger convection oven

 

For best part quality, remove the parts as soon as the bulk wax material has melted off all the parts from either system. For some parts, this can take 30 minutes or longer. The ProJet®EasyClean System in Steam Mode is much faster compared to the ProJet® Finisher Oven.

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NOTE: Water condenses on the inside of the cover. Take care to prevent hot water from dripping out of the system. Prevent hazards by wiping up any water that escapes the unit.

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NOTE: Always wear insulating gloves and use the strainer basket removal handles to pick basket up. With the strainer still over the wax catch pan, tilt it to the corner to allow liquid wax to drain away. You may want to shake gently to remove remnants of bulk wax.

 

 NOTE: The hooks on each handle can be inserted into the two slots on each side of the strainer.

 

The Accessory Kit includes removable handles that are inserted into the sides of the strainer basket to assist in moving the strainer basket between warmers.

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The hooks on each handle are inserted into the two slots on each side of the strainer. This allows the strainer basket to be lifted without the user having to touch the hot surfaces or liquids. When strainer has been moved, and user is done with handles, remove them and store somewhere close for the next application. Do not leave the handles in the warmer.

  1. Remove parts from oven and wipe off any remaining support material with a paper towel. Alternatively, one can place the parts for a few minutes on an absorbent paper towel while heated in the oven or ProJet® EasyClean System.

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Wipe off any remaining support material with a paper towel

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Caution: Be careful when handling hot parts and always wear gloves.

 

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NOTE: After post processing parts, remove the bulk wax 2/3 pan from the warmer unit and pour the molten wax and water mixture into a bucket. Allow wax to cool and solidify. Once cool, the wax may be removed from the bucket and put in a normal trash container. Dispose of remaining water in accordance with local regulations.

 

Fine Wax Removal from Part

  1. The remaining support wax on the part is easily dissolved away with a hands-free process. Either the EasyClean System or an ultrasonic bath can be used. These two systems serve similar purposes, but each have unique capabilities depending on customer needs.

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ProJet® EasyClean Steamer System for fine wax removal Ultrasonic Bath for fine wax removal
  • Economical, general purpose solution
  • Optimized for ProJet® MJP 2500/3600 size
  • Large physical size is available
  • Best for processing Elastomeric and Engineering Families of materials

 

  1. The EasyClean System is an economic general-purpose solution for most customer needs. A heated ultrasonic bath is better for very small features. It is also synergistic with the removal of support that is entrapped in very fine features within a part (like internal flow visualization channels or when the support is present within the part to create a light composite structure). The action of the ultrasonic bath removes the support more quickly and is more effective. The EasyClean System is also fixed in physical size. Ultrasonic baths can be purchased for large part size needs. Both systems work for all materials.
  2. Either light mineral oil or EZ Rinse-C can be used for the fine wax removal step in either the EasyClean System or the ultrasonic bath. These two fluids serve similar purposes, but each has unique capabilities depending on customer needs.

Two convenient materials for MJP fine wax removal step to serve your part needs

EZ_Rinse-C_Solution_img19.jpg Mineral_Oil light_img20.jpg
  • Easily rinses away with water

  • Dissolves support wax quickly

  • Not recommended for use with Engineering or Elastomeric families of materials.

Requires liquid dishwashing soap

(Dawn) to remove oil

Best for processing Elastomeric and 

Engineering Families of materials

Best long term part aesthetic (long term injection molded plastic look and feel)

Best for entrapped support removal which may require longer processing times.

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CAUTION:  Use gloves to avoid contact with the solvents.

 

  1. For both fine wax removal solvents, the parts are placed directly in the liquid that is held at approximately 65°C (149° F). Leave the parts in the liquid until the wax is removed. Keep the time in the EZ Rinse-C or Mineral Oil as short as possible (2-5 minutes). If using the EasyClean system (which has no agitation), a gentle swirling of the part in the chamber can aide in removing the residual wax. The ultrasonic action is very efficient in removing residual wax with no additional manual agitation required. For certain parts, like complex parts or parts with entrapped cavities, it maybe necessary to leave the parts in the mineral oil bath for more time.

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Parts placed in either EasyClean fine wax removal system or into the ultrasonic bath

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NOTE: EZ Rinse can be purchased from your printer sales team

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NOTE: White mineral oil - light viscosity should be sourced locally in your country of origin.

McMaster:https://www.mcmaster.com/mineral-oil

W.S Dodge Oil, 3710 Fruitland Ave, Maywood,Ca 90270, (323) 583-3478, http://wsdodgeoil.com/

Hardware stores or grocery stores typically carry mineral oil: CAS NUMBER 8042-47-5

 

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NOTE: Parts stacked on top of one another may leave a lasting impression from one part to another.

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NOTE: Be careful not to overflow the liquid. If parts are not completely submerged, either add more of the liquid used in the fine wax removal system or plan on rotating the parts.

Rinse and Dry

  1. Rinse parts with warm soapy water. The best practice is to use a fresh tub of hot soapy water. When using mineral oil use extra soap in the water. It is acceptable to apply the soap directly on the part and use a light brush (such as a toothbrush) to clean the part.

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Fresh tube of soapy hot water with light brushing of part if needed

 

  1. Wipe parts dry with a paper towel or absorbent pad or allow them to air dry. Clean, dry compressed air blown lightly over the parts can be used to speed the drying time.

 

Cleaning the Build Plate for the Next Job

 

The build plate should be cleaned prior to re-inserting into the printer.

  1. Carefully use a sharp putty knife or single-edge, metal razor blade scraper (held at a 30 degree angle or less to the surface) to scrape any excess material from the build plate. When using a razor blade scraper, be sure the blade is new and still sharp; do not use a dull or nicked blade.

NOTE: A standard tray for a paint roller can be used to collect the scrapings from the build plate.

 

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Scrape any excess support off the platform

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CAUTION: Use caution while scraping the plate and avoid damaging the plate with scratches or gouges.

 

  1. Spray the platform with Isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and wipe with paper towels. Alternatively, one can use the disposable IPA wipes to clean the plate. Do not reuse the wipes. Heating the plate briefly can aid in complete support material removal.

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Wipe the plate with IPA

 

  1. Always clean both sides of the build plate.